What Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins were able to do on this flight was because of a dream and a challenge.
Once upon a time, humans would never have thought of flying. Until the Wright Brothers took a gamble. That gamble led to the start of aviation and then it started people thinking of more impossible dreams …such as SPACE.
President John F. Kennedy challenged this nation and the world on May 25, 1961. His speech set our nation on its way to the moon. But it took a great number of resources and people to get us there.
“More than 400,000 people worked tirelessly to put astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins into space on a hot Florida day for the most famous space exploration mission in history, Apollo 11. After touchdown on July 20, 1969, Armstrong would spend just slightly more than 151 minutes walking around on the Moon’s surface, with Aldrin clocking in at 40 minutes less. For these men, July 16 was nothing short of extraordinary — and extraordinarily hectic.”
A year after his May 25th speech, JFK said the following:
“”We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.””
And it was hard. The Race to the Moon was something that had never been tried. Something new had to be designed to make this work.
In order to get men to the moon, first you had to get a man into orbit. What kind of craft was needed? A company in St. Louis, Missouri called McDonnell had an idea.
“Even before the Soviet Union launched Sputnikin 1957, James S. McDonnell tasked 45 engineers in St. Louis to start working on the first manned spaceship. That foresight made St. Louis ground zero for America’s first human spaceflight program, Project Mercury, and McDonnell manufactured 20 space capsules to send the first Americans – and chimpanzees – into space, and much of the simulation and training America’s first astronauts underwent happened in St. Louis. Through the Mercury program, America sent its first man to space, Alan Shepard, and John Glenn became the first American to orbit Earth in the Friendship 7 capsule, now on display at the Smithsonian alongside the Spirit of St. Louis.”
My family and I have a personal connection to this history. My grandfather, William R. Orthwein Jr., started with McDonnell in 1942 and stayed with the company until he retired in 1982.
How to get a man into space and then eventually to the moon? The McDonnell teams basically created something entirely new. The Mercury space capsule.
And it was indeed a team effort. In all the years my grandfather talked about his time at McDonnell Douglas, he always talked about the company’s accomplishments, never about himself. There was no “I” in team with him, nor with the many others at McDonnell that I’ve been fortunate to know. Instead all of them were as vested as everyone else in getting us into space and putting a man on the moon.
We owe our thanks to the Apollo 11 crew and to all the rocket ship builders. What they ALL did was a glorious triumph of human spirit and ingenuity that is unmatched to this day.
50 years ago today at 9:32 a.m. EDT, Apollo 11 was launched beginning the mission to complete President Kennedy’s challenge to land men on the moon.
I wonder if they’re going all the way to the keep in the Dinu pass?
Four 1st Infantry Division M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicles participate in exercise Saber Guardian 19 (Bordusani Romania, June 20, 2019)
In Congress, July 4, 1776.
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
What follows after that are the specifications of the grievances with the British government. Interesting in the historical sense of how things started, but more important today are these first words above which note the “first principles” on which our nation was founded on.
(ANSA) — Rome, June 13 — Actress Ornella Muti got a definitive suspended jail term of six months and a 500-euro fine for attempted fraud as the supreme Court of Cassation upheld an appeals court verdict.
Muti, 64, was again convicted of cancelling an Italian tour date with a false sick note in 2010 to attend a gala dinner in Russia with President Vladimir Putin and US actor Kevin Costner.
The court said the sentence would only be suspended if Muti paid Pordenone’s Teatro Verdi 30,000 in damages for fraudulently calling off her show.
Muti modeled as a teenager and made her film debut in 1970 in La moglie più bella (The Most Beautiful Wife). She has primarily worked in Italian films but she made her English-speaking film debut as Princess Aura in Flash Gordon in 1980.
A mysterious large mass of material has been discovered beneath the largest crater in our solar system—the Moon’s South Pole-Aitken basin—and may contain metal from the asteroid that crashed into the Moon and formed the crater, according to a Baylor University study.
“Imagine taking a pile of metal five times larger than the Big Island of Hawaii and burying it underground. That’s roughly how much unexpected mass we detected,” said lead author Peter B. James,
Ph.D., assistant professor of planetary geophysics in Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences.The crater itself is oval-shaped, as wide as 2,000 kilometers—roughly the distance between Waco, Texas, and Washington, D.C.—and several miles deep. Despite its size, it cannot be seen from Earth because it is on the far side of the Moon.
The study—”Deep Structure of the Lunar South Pole-Aitken Basin”—is published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
To measure subtle changes in the strength of gravity around the Moon, researchers analyzed data from spacecrafts used for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission.
“When we combined that with lunar topography data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, we discovered the unexpectedly large amount of mass hundreds of miles underneath the South Pole-Aitken basin,” James said. “One of the explanations of this extra mass is that the metal from the asteroid that formed this crater is still embedded in the Moon’s mantle.”
The dense mass—”whatever it is, wherever it came from”—is weighing the basin floor downward by more than half a mile, he said. Computer simulations of large asteroid impacts suggest that, under the right conditions, an iron-nickel core of an asteroid may be dispersed into the upper mantle (the layer between the Moon’s crust and core) during an impact.
Joke movie poster from Airplane 2 meets reality:
Rambo V: Last Blood
Scientists create liquid metal that stretches like Terminator
On this day in 44 BC, members of the Senate of Rome decided that they had had enough of Julius Caesar’s power grab. His being declared ‘Dictator For Life’ – basically the first Roman Emperor – and his packing the Senate with his cronies among other things.
So, they decided to take matters into their own hands and kill him.
Personally. The hard way.
We in the West are still dealing with the aftermath of that event which precipitated exactly opposite of what the assassins wanted – to restore the Republic – and began a series of civil wars that ended up with a real Roman empire.
The Daily Mail reported that home assistants could soon report their owners to the police for breaking the law based on a “Moral A.I.” system, if the ideas of academics in Europe are implemented.
The newspaper reported that academics at the University of Bergen in Norway discussed the idea of a “moral A.I.” for smart home assistants, like the Amazon Echo, Google Home, and Apple HomePod, during a conference.
Moral A.I. would reportedly make home assistants have to “decide whether to report their owners for breaking the law,” or whether to stay silent.
“This would let them to weigh-up whether to report illegal activity to the police, effectively putting millions of people under constant surveillance,” the Daily Mail explained, adding that Dr. Marija Slavkovik, who led the research, “suggested that digital assistants should possess an ethical awareness that simultaneously represents both the owner and the authorities — or, in the case of a minor, their parents.”
“Devices would then have an internal ‘discussion’ about suspect behaviour, weighing up conflicting demands between the law and personal freedoms, before arriving at the ‘best’ course of action,” the Mail noted.
Not a bad idea for use on our side of the border (we’ve got plenty of room in Gitmo) , but I think they watched ‘Day of the Soldado’ too many times. We start any kind of significant operations inside Mexico – and that’s where the cartels live and breathe – and that government is not going to simply stand aside.
Drug cartel operations have made a mockery of our laws, flooded our streets with deadly illicit drugs, and endangered our citizens for years; now, two conservative lawmakers want the Trump administration to give them the same treatment as terror groups.
House Freedom Caucus members Mark Green, R-Tenn., and Chip Roy, R-Texas, announced Wednesday that they would send a letter asking Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to designate dangerous drug cartels as Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
The letter claims several cartels already meet the three criteria for FTO designation and makes the case that it would give law enforcement even more tools to combat the cartels’ deadly, dangerous, and destructive operations:
“Numerous drug cartels employ terrorist tactics that clearly fit this definition,” it reads. “These groups use terror to intimidate and advance their agenda. They threaten the stability of governments across the globe.”
“These cartels have utilized barbaric tactics including those adopted by ISIS and al Qaeda – murdering and torturing innocents, destabilizing countries and assassinating members of law enforcement,” reads a press release from Green’s office. “Moreover, they threaten our homeland security. Our communities suffer from the powerful and dangerous drugs cartels make available to our citizens. Fentanyl and heroin overdoses have taken thousands of lives.”
One last thing to remember, on this day in 1945, around 30,000 U.S. Marines and Naval and Coast Guard forces invaded the island of Iwo Jima.
Within days that number exceeded 60,000 engaged in combat on that little scrap of rock.
The Japanese had an estimated 21,000-24,000 troops there.
The battle officially ended 6 weeks later.
An interesting note, is that the the Imperial Japanese Army troops actually inflicted a greater number of total casualties on us than we did on them.
No one there obviously hasn’t seen the Terminator movies, or they have seen them and are merely minions of SkyNet, or SkyNet has already taken over and is operating independently.
The Pentagon seeks industry feedback on the draft request for proposals for Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle (OMFV) vehicle.
The U.S. Army on 31 January posted a request for proposal (RFP) on Federal Business Opportunities for OMFV combat vehicle that will be designed for and used by military forces to maneuver Soldiers in the future operating environment (FOE) to a position of advantage, in order to engage in close combat and deliver decisive lethality during the execution of combined arms maneuver.
In a notice posted on the Federal Business Opportunities Website, the army called on companies to submit their plans to develop pre-production prototypes of new combat vehicles.
The Next-Generation Combat Vehicle – OMFV must exceed current capabilities while overmatching similar threat class systems. It must be optimized for dense urban areas while also defeating pacing threats on rural (open, semi-restricted and restricted) terrain and be characterized by the ability to spiral in advanced technologies as they mature.
Since its inception, the NGCV-OMFV program has represented an innovative approach to Army acquisition by focusing on delivering an essentially new capability to the Armor Brigade Combat Teams (ABCTs) while under a significantly reduced timeline, as compared to traditional acquisition efforts. This will be achieved by leveraging existing material solutions with proven capabilities coupled with new technologies to meet the requirements
On this day in 1943, the last remaining holdouts of the German army fighting in an around Stalingrad since late August 1942, surrendered to the soviets.
Casualties were heavy on both sides; 600,000 Germans & their allies; over 1,100,000 Soviets.
The raid by soldiers of the 6th Ranger Battalion and Alamo Scouts along with over 200 Filipino guerrillas, conducted a surprise attack on the Cabanatuan prison camp.
500 Allied prisoners, many of them survivors of the Bataan Death March were rescued from almost certain murder by their Japanese guards as the invasion of the island of Luzon progressed since October of the previous year.
I think a big part of the reason such has happened is that the better part of two generations were killed, most – and most significantly because they would have fathered more of the next generation – in the first World War, where modern maneuver tactics hadn’t been developed yet.
In the span of 100 years, Britain has gone from producing men who were so eager to fight and die for their country that 16-year-olds lied about their age to enlist when the minimum age was 19, to teaching primary school boys that they can have periods just like girls and offering feminine hygiene products in boys’ bathrooms. This phenomenon isn’t unique to the U.K. U.S. colleges, like the University of Wisconsin, University of Minnesota, and Brown University offer menstrual products in their men’s rooms, in the name of “menstrual equity” and as a sop to a miniscule “transgender” population.
Can any culture—British, American or any other—raise “rough men” ready to defend it against a ruthless enemy when it cannot even fix in the minds of its developing youth what their sex is? What would Winston say?
Humans are preparing to punch the solar system — but in self-defense, not anger.
It’s all part of a NASA mission in development called the Double Asteroid Redirection Test, or DART. Unlike most spacecraft the agency has launched to date, DART isn’t about gathering scientific data and learning more about how the universe works. Instead, it’s NASA’s first planetary-defense mission.
Birth Of An Idea
A new nanotech breakthrough comes courtesy of a material you’d likely find in any nursery.
A team from MIT has figured out a way to quickly and inexpensively shrink objects to the nanoscale. It calls the process implosion fabrication, and it all starts with polyacrylate — the super-absorbent polymer typically found in baby diapers.
According to the MIT team’s paper, published Thursday in Science, the first step in the implosion fabrication process is adding a liquid solution to a piece of polyacrylate, causing it to swell.
Next, the team used lasers to bind fluorescein molecules to the polyacrylate in a pattern of their choosing. Those molecules acted as anchor points for whatever material the researchers wanted to shrink to the nanoscale.
“You attach the anchors where you want with light, and later you can attach whatever you want to the anchors,“ researcher Edward Boyden said in an MIT news release. “It could be a quantum dot, it could be a piece of DNA, it could be a gold nanoparticle.“
The researchers then dehydrated the polyacrylate scaffold using an acid. That caused the material attached to the polyacrylate to shrink in an even way to a thousandth of its original size.
Perhaps the most exciting aspect of implosion fabrication is its accessibility — according to the MIT press release, many biology and materials science labs already have the necessary equipment to beginning shrinking objects to the nanoscale on their own.
Minority Reportwas a short story made into a movie.
Both put the idea of ‘pre-crime’ in the crap-for-brains category.
A dystopian future awaits humanity if we cannot realize the dangers of programs such as the one the British police are working on. The cops want to create an artificial intelligence program the will somehow stop crimes before they’ve been committed, aka, the thought police.
Police in the United Kingdom are piloting a project that uses artificial intelligence to determine how likely someone is to commit or be a victim of a serious crime. These include crimes involving a gun or knife, as well as modern slavery, New Scientist reported on Monday. Ironically, the police creating the program don’t see government as modern slavery, yet that’s exactly what it is.
The West Midlands Police department is heading the trial project through the end of March 2019. They are expected to have a prototype at that time. There are eight other police departments reportedly involved as well, and the hope is to eventually expand its use to all police departments in the UK.
The internet is powerful, but it is not safe. As “smart” devices proliferate the risks will get worse, unless we act now.
From driverless cars to smart thermostats, from autonomous stock-trading systems to drones equipped with their own behavioral algorithms, the internet now has direct effects on the physical world. While this computerized future, often called the Internet of Things, carries enormous potential, best-selling author Bruce Schneier argues that catastrophe awaits in its new vulnerabilities and dangers. Forget data theft: cutting-edge digital attackers can now literally crash your car, pacemaker, and home security system, as well as everyone else’s.
In Click Here to Kill Everybody, Schneier explores the risks and security implications of our new, hyper-connected era, and lays out common-sense policies that will allow us to enjoy the benefits of this omnipotent age without falling prey to the consequences of its insecurity. From principles for a more resilient Internet of Things to a recipe for sane government oversight, Schneier’s vision is required reading for anyone invested in human flourishing.
When they get AI and hyperalloy chassis we may have a problem.
The Pentagon is studying the deployment of space-based missiles and new sensors to counter the growing threat of high-speed missile attacks from China and Russia, senior defense officials said Tuesday.
Michael Griffin, undersecretary of defense for research and engineering, said a network of 1,000 missile interceptors deployed on satellite launchers, could be built for $20 billion—not at a cost of hundreds of billions as critics of space weapons assert.
Griffin, a long-time missile defense expert, said missile threats are increasing and space-based defenses are needed to counter the threats.
China has conducted “dozens” of tests of a new hypersonic missile that is designed to strike the United States, he said, and Russia also is moving ahead rapidly in building maneuvering hypersonic missiles.
“We just can’t do what we need to do in missile defense without space,” Griffin said during a conference on Capitol Hill.
Current missile defense sensors based on ground and at sea are not designed to detect hypersonic missiles that travel at speeds over 7,000 miles per hour.
Those sensor—radar and other electronic systems—also have limited capabilities against other types of missiles such as intermediate-range ballistic missiles.
Current missile defense interceptors are designed to attack missiles in the middle course of their flight.
“In brief, we do not have systems today that give us globally, comprehensive, persistent, timely, multi-mode awareness of what is going on on earth, everywhere, all the time. We don’t have that,” said Griffin, who is a key defense leader for Defense Secretary Jim Mattis’ drive to produce more lethal and agile military forces.