August 1

30BC – Octavian and his army enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.

527 – Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.

1498 – Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit what is now Venezuela.

1571 – The moslem Ottomans finish their conquest of Cyprus

1774 – British scientist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen gas, corroborating the prior discovery German-Swedish chemist Carl Scheele.

1801 – The American schooner USS Enterprise captures the Tripolitan Polacca in a single-ship action off the shores of Tripoli.

1876 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.

1893 – Henry Perky patents shredded wheat.

1911 – Harriet Quimby takes her pilot’s test and becomes the first U.S. woman to earn an Aero Club of America aviator’s certificate.

1914 – The German Empire declares war on the Russian Empire

1936 – The Olympics open in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler.

1944 –  Jews in the Warsaw ghetto rise up against the Nazi German occupation

1950 – Guam is organized as a United States commonwealth as the President Truman signs the Guam Organic Act.

1957 – The United States and Canada form the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD).

1965 – Frank Herbert’s novel, Dune is published

1966 – After murdering his mother and wife, Charles Whitman ascends the University of Texas Clock Tower at Austin, killing more people on the way up and continues shooting people at random

1981 – MTV begins broadcasting in the United States

1993 – The Great Mississippi and Missouri Rivers Flood of 1993 comes to a peak.

Birthdays*
10BC – Tiberius Claudius Drusus
1545 – Andrew Melville
1770 – William Clark
1779 – Francis Scott Key
1809 – William B. Travis
1819 – Herman Melville
1843 – Robert Todd Lincoln
1922 – Arthur Hill
1930 – Geoffrey Holder
1933 – Dom DeLuise
1936 – Yves Saint Laurent
1979 – Jason Momoa

Deaths†
30BC – Marcus Antonius
527    – Justin I of Byzantium
1464 – Cosimo de’ Medici
1866 – Chief John Guwisguwi Ross
1903 – Calamity Jane
1944 – Manuel L. Quezon
1966 – Charles Whitman
File:UT Tower Shooting Memorial Austin.jpg
1977 – Francis Gary Powers
1980 – Strother Martin
1981 – Paddy Chayefsky
2009 – Corazon Aquino