July 14

1789 – The citizens of Paris storm the Bastille.

1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government. Less than three years later, it expires.

1874 – The Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres of the city

1881 – Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.

1900 – Armies of the Eight Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.

1911 – Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers,  lands an airplane on the South Lawn of the White House.

1933 – In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
The Nazi eugenics program begins with the proclamation of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring that calls for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who suffers from alleged genetic disorders.

1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.

1950 – North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.

2016 – A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France kills 86 civilians and injures over 400 others.

Birthdays
1901 – George Tobias
1903 – Irving Stone
1912 – Woody Guthrie
1913 – Gerald Ford
1918 – Ingmar Bergman
1923 – Dale Robertson, Robert Zildjian
1926 – Harry Dean Stanton
1927 – John Chancellor
1928 – Nancy Olson
1932 – Rosey Grier, Del Reeves
1952 – Franklin Graham
1955 – L. Brent Bozell III

Deaths
1575 – Richard Taverner
1816 – Francisco de Miranda
1881 – William Bonney
1918 – LT Quentin Roosevelt
1965 – Adlai Stevenson II
2000 – Meredith MacRae