1096 – The Seljuk Turks defeat in detail the ‘People’s Army’ of the First Crusade at Helenopolis in Bythnia.
1097 – The ‘Princes Army’ of the First Crusade, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch.
1512 – Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
1520 – During is voyage of circumnavigation, Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait near the lower end of South America now named after him
1774 – The flag of Taunton, Massachusetts is the first to include the word “Liberty”.
1797 – The 44 gun U. S. Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched.
1854 – Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War.
1861 – Union forces under Colonel Edward Baker are defeated by Confederate troops at Ball’s Bluff Virginia in the second major battle of the war.
1867 – The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed by southern great plains indian tribes requiring them to relocate to reservations in western Oklahoma.
1879 – Thomas Edison applies for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
1944 – During the Allied invasion of the Phillipines at Leyte, the first kamikaze attack damages HMAS Australia.
The city of Aachen -Aix-la-Chapelle- site of Charlemagne’s Court falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, the first German city to fall to the Allies during World War II
1959 – President Eisenhower approves the transfer of all US Army space-related activities to NASA
1983 – The definition of the meter is redefined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.