January 27

1302 – Dante Alighieri is exiled from Florence.

1606 – The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament begins

1776 – The “noble train of artillery” of heavy guns captured from Fort Ticonderoga New York, commanded by Henry Knox arrives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1785 – The first public university in the U.S., the University of Georgia at Athens, is founded.

1880 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his incandescent lamp

1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.

1943 – The first American bombing attack on Germany during World War II: takes places when the Eighth Air Force sorties 91 B-17 and B-24 bombers to attack the U-boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven.

1945 – The Soviet 322nd Rifle Division of the 60th Red Army, under Major General Gurii Nikitich Terentev, liberates the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp.

1967 – During a launch rehearsal test on Pad 34 of the Kennedy Space Center at 06:31 hrs EST, astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire inside their Apollo 1 Command Module

1973 – The signing of the Paris Peace Accords officially ends the Vietnam War.

1991 – Over Iraq, USAF pilots, flying F-15s engage Iraqi jets. Capt Jay Denney shoots down 2 Iraqi MiG-23s and Capt Ben Powell, shoots down an Iraqi MiG-23 and  Mirage F-1

1996 – Germany first observes the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

January 26

1500 – Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.

1564 – The Council of Trent establishes an official distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1699 – Under terms of the Treaty of Karlowitz, signed in Sremski Karlovci Serbia, the Great Turkish War of 1683–1697 in which the Ottoman Empire was defeated at the Battle of Zenta by the Holy League, officially ends. The Ottomans ceding control of Central Europe, and establishing the Habsburg Monarchy as the dominant power in the region.

1837 – Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.

1838 – Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States.

1855 – Under terms of the The Point No Point Treaty signed at Point No Point, on the northern tip of the Kitsap Peninsula. the  S’Klallam, Chimakum, and the Skokomish tribes cede the northern Kitsap Peninsula and Olympic Peninsula to the U.S.

1861 – The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.

1863 – Massachusetts Governor, John Albion Andrew receives permission from the Secretary of War to raise a militia regiment of men of African descent, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry commanded by Robert Gould Shaw.

1870 – Virginia rejoins the Union under Reconstruction

1885 – Troops loyal to the purported Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, conquer Khartoum, killing the Governor-General Charles George Gordon.

1905 – The world’s largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3,106.75 carats, is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.

1911 – Glenn Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.

1915 – The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress.

1920 – Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company.

1945 – While in command of B Company 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, near Holtzwihr, France, 2nd Lieutenant Audie Murphy displays valor and bravery in action for which he will later be awarded the Medal of Honor.

1949 – The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming, at the time,  the largest aperture optical telescope

1980 – Under terms of the Camp David Accords, diplomatic and business relations between Egypt and Israel are formally established.

1991 – Flying F-15s over Iraq, USAF Capts, Rhory Draeger, Tony Schiavi and Cesar Rodriguez each engage and shootdown Iraqi Mig-23 fighters.

1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.

1998 – On live T.V., President Clinton openly lies when he denies having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

2020 – A Sikorsky S-76B helicopter flying from John Wayne Airport to Camarillo Airport crashes in Calabasas, 30 miles west of Los Angeles, kills all 9 aboard, including Kobe Bryant and his daughter Gianna.


January 25

1554 – São Paulo, (Saint Paul) Brazil, is founded.

1787 – In the largest action of Shays’s Rebellion, Shaysites march on the federal Springfield Armory in an unsuccessful attempt to seize its weaponry with 4 killed and 20 wounded.

1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco.

1945 – The Battle of the Bulge ends with the final collapse of the German offensive

1961 – In Washington, D.C., President Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.

1971 – Charles Manson and three female “Family” members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate–LaBianca murders.

1993 – Outside CIA Headquarters in Langley, Virginia, Mir Aimal Kansi shoots and kills 2 CIA employees in their cars as they were waiting at a stoplight, wounding 3 others.

1996 – In Delaware, Billy Bailey becomes the last person to be executed by hanging in the U.S.

1999 – A 6.2 magnitude earthquake centered about 25 miles west south west of Ibagué, Colombia kills at least 1,000.

January 24

41 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the Praetorian Guard after they assassinate the previous emperor, his nephew Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ‘Caligula’.

1848 – James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento. California

1908 – The first Boy Scout troop is organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.

1933 – The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing the beginning and end of terms for all elected federal offices.

1961 – Over Faro, North Carolina, a B-52 bomber based at nearby Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, carrying 2 multimegaton Mark 39 thermonuclear bombs, breaks up in mid-air and crashes with 5 of the 8 crew surviving. The secondary core of one weapon remains too deeply buried to recover.

1972 – Imperial Japanese Army Sergeant Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.

1989 – Serial killer Ted Bundy, with over 30 known victims, is executed in the electric chair at the Florida State Prison.

1991 –Over Saudi Arabia, Captain Ayhed Saleh al-Shamrani of the Royal Saudi Arabian Airforce, flying an F-15, engages and shoots down 2 Iraqi Mirage F1 fighters attempting a bombing run on coalition naval vessels in the Persian Gulf.

2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.


January 23

1570 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is killed by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, the first head of state to be assassinated by the use of a firearm.

1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the first female doctor in the U.S.

1870 – In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Piegan Blackfeet Indians, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.

1900 – During  the Second Boer War, British forces occupy a trench line on the hill Spion Kop, they mistakenly believe to be on the high ground. The Boer forces actually on the high ground take the British under artillery and rifle fire and inflict heavy casualties before a British relief column arrives and the Boers withdraw.

1950 – The Israeli Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

1957 – American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the “Frisbee”.

1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste crewed by Jacques Piccard  and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh breaks a depth record by descending to 35,797 ft to the bottom of the Challenger Deep in the Pacific Ocean.

1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

1968 – Off the coast of North Korea, the USS Pueblo is attacked by naval forces of North Korea resulting in the the death of 1 crew member, Petty Officer Duane D. Hodges before being seized and the remaining crew captured.

1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

2002 – U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.

2018 – A 7.9 Mw  earthquake occurs in the Gulf of Alaska. It is tied as the 6th largest earthquake ever recorded in the United States




January 22

1879 – Near Isandlwana hill in Zululand, South Africa, greatly outnumbered British Army, colonial and native troops are defeated in detail and slaughtered by Zulu Impi forces of King Cetshwayo kaMpande .
Later in the day at Rorke’s Drift Station, Natal colony, around 10 miles from Isandlwana, greatly outnumbered British Army and colonial troops using different defensive tactics, repeatedly repel and defeat a force of Zulus who had been unused reserves at the former battlefield.

1901 – Queen Victoria dies, her eldest son is proclaimed King Edward VII

1944 – Allied forces commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio and Nettuno, Italy during World War II

1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.

1970 –  Pan American Airways begins intercontinental air service between New York City and London, with the Boeing 747,

1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.

1984 – The Apple Macintosh computer is introduced

2002 – Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.


January 21

1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is founded in Zurich, Switzerland when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother.

1915 – Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit.

1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower

1968 – US Marine Corps and Army troops defending the  Khe Sanh Combat Base in northwestern Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam are brought under siege by forces of the North Vietnam Army

1985 – Galaxy Airlines Flight 203, a Lockheed L-188 Electra crashes near Reno-Tahoe International Airport in Reno, Nevada, killing 70 of 71 aboard

January 20

1265 – The first English parliament to include representatives of the major towns holds its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster

1649 – The trial of Charles I of England at the High Court of Justice begins

1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.

1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.

1929 – The first full-length talking motion picture, In Old Arizona, is released.

1937 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner are sworn in for their second terms as U.S. President and U.S. Vice President; it is the first time a Presidential Inauguration takes place on January 20

1942 – At the Wannsee Conference held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, Nazi officials discuss the implementation of the “Final Solution to the Jewish question”.

1981 – 20 minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States of America, Iran releases 52 American hostages.

1732 – Richard Henry Lee
1799 – Anson Jones
1804 – Eugène Sue
1878 – Finlay Currie
1896 – George Burns
1902 – Leon Ames
1920 – DeForest Kelley
1922 – Don Mankiewicz
1923 – Slim Whitman
1926 – Patricia Neal
1930 – Buzz Aldrin
1946 – David Lynch
1948 – Natan Sharansky
1956 – Bill Maher
1958 – Lorenzo Lamas
1967 – Kellyanne Conway
1972 – Nikki Haley

250 – Pope Fabian
1936 – George V of the United Kingdom
1984 – Johnny Weissmuller
1990 – Barbara Stanwyck
1993 – Audrey Hepburn

January 19

1607 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed, the oldest church still standing in the Philippines.

1810 – The temperature at Portsmouth, New Hampshire drops from 54°F to minus 12°F in one day

1861 – Georgia, Florida and Mississippi, declare secession from the United States.

1883 – The first city electric lighting system, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

1920 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.

1937 – Howard Hughes flying his  H-1 Racer, sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.

1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.

1977 – President Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino a.k.a. Tokyo Rose

1981 – United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.

1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.

1991 – Over Iraq;
USAF Cpts Rick Tuleni and Larry Pitts flying F-15s, each engage and shootdown Iraqi MiG-25 fighters.
USAF Cpts Craig Underhill and Cesar Rodriguez, flying F-15s, each engage Iraqi MiG-29 fighters, with Underhill shooting down his MiG and Rodriguez’ dogfight maneuvers resulting in the Iraqi pilot flying into the ground in an attempt to evade him
USAF Cpt David Prather and Lt David Sveden, flying F-15s, each engage and shootdown Iraqi Mirage F1 fighters
Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.

1736 – James Watt
1752 – James Morris III
1807 – Robert E. Lee
1808 – Lysander Spooner
1809 – Edgar Allan Poe
1813 – Henry Bessemer
1920 – Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
1926 – Fritz Weaver
1930 – Tippi Hedren
1939 – Phil Everly
1943 – Janis Joplin
1944 – Michele ‘Shelley’ Fabares
1952 – Roswicha ‘Nadiuska’ Honczar
1953 – Desi Arnaz
1954 – Katey Sagal
1962 – Chris Sabo
1982 – Pete Buttigieg

520 – John of Cappadocia
1526 – Isabella of Austria
1975 – Thomas Hart Benton
1980 – William O. Douglas
1990 – Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh
1998 – Carl Perkins
2000 – Hedy Lamarr
2006 – Anthony ‘Tony’ Franciosa
2008 – Suzanne Pleshette
2013 – Stan Musial
2017 – Miguel Ferrer

January 18

1778 – James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the “Sandwich Islands” in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty the Earl of Sandwich

1896 – An X-ray generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H. L. Smith at Davidson College, North Carolina.

1911 – Eugene Ely performs the first landing on a ship, flying a Curtiss Pusher onto the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay.

1943 – The Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto rise up in against the German occupation.

1960 – Capital Airlines Flight 20. a Vickers Viscount,  crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard.

1967 – Albert DeSalvo, the “Boston Strangler”, is convicted sentenced to life imprisonment.

1969 – United Airlines Flight 266, a Boeing 727, crashes into Santa Monica Bay killing all 32 passengers and six crew members.

1977 – Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.

1990 – Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry is arrested for drug possession in an FBI sting.

1993 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 US states.

1779 – Peter Mark Roget
1782 – Daniel Webster
1868 – Kantarō Suzuki
1882 – A. A. Milne
1888 – Thomas Sopwith
1892 – Oliver Hardy
1904 – Cary Grant
1911 – Danny Kaye
1933 – John Boorman
1933 – Ray Dolby
1938 – Curt Flood
1941 – Bobby Goldsboro
1955 – Kevin Costner
1969 – Jesse L. Martin

1862 – POTUS John Tyler
1936 – Rudyard Kipling
1952 – Curly Howard
1997 – Paul Tsongas
2011 – Sargent Shriver
2013 – Jim Horning
2016 – Glenn Frey

January 17

1781 – Continental troops under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan defeat British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the Battle of Cowpens in South Carolina.

1899 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean

1917 – The United States buys the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million

1920 – The National Prohibition Act, named after Representative Andrew Volstead,  goes into effect, prohibiting the possession of alcoholic beverages except under government regulation.

1961 – President Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military–industrial complex” as well as the dangers of massive spending, especially deficit spending.

1966 – A B-52 Stratofortress collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, killing 7 airmen, and dropping 3 70-kiloton nuclear bombs near the town of Palomares and another one into the sea.

1991 – During the opening of the air campaign of Operation Desert Storm, LCDR Scott Speicher of VFA-81 off the USS Saratoga, flying a F/A-18C Hornet is shot down by a Mig-25 and killed, the first American casualty of the War.
Later in the day over southwestern Iraq, LCDR Mark Fox and LT Nick Mongilio of VFA-81 each engage and shoot down Iraqi MiG-21 aircraft, the only US Navy air victories of the war.
Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel.

1994 – An earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale hits the Northridge area of greater Los Angeles, leaving 57 people dead and more than 8,700 injured.

1998 – The Bill Clinton–Monica Lewinsky affair is made public.

1666 – Antonio Maria Valsalva
1706 – Benjamin Franklin
1828 – BG Lewis A. Grant USA MH
1858 – Tomás Carrasquilla
1882 – Noah Beery, Sr.
1899 – Nevil Shute
1911 – John S. McCain Jr.
1922 – Betty White
1927 – Eartha Kitt
1928 – Vidal Sassoon
1942 – Cassius Muhammad Ali Clay
1949 – Andy Kaufman
1971 – Robert ‘Kid Rock’ Ritchie

395 – Theodosius I
1718 – Benjamin Church
1893 – POTUS Rutherford B. Hayes
1961 – Patrice Lumumba
1977 – Gary Gilmore
2003 – Richard Crenna
2005 – Virginia Mayo
2007 – Art Buchwald
2008 – Bobby Fischer
2011 – Don Kirshner
2012 – Johnny Otis

January 16

27 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate

550 – Bribing the city garrison, the Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome

1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid, Spain.

1786 – Virginia enacts the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.

1847 – John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.

1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is enacted by Congress.

1919 – Nebraska becomes the 36th state, and the last one necessary, to approve the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

1942 – TWA Flight 3, a DC-3 crashes after takeoff from Las Vegas, killing all 22 aboard

1991 – At 23:38 hrs UTC, 2 US MH-53 Pave Low helicopters, leading 8 US AH-64 Apache helicopters strike Iraqi radar sites near the Iraqi/Saudi Arabian border.
5 minutes later, 2 US EF-111 Ravens leading 22 US F-15E Eagles strike Iraqi airfields in western Iraq
17 minutes later, 3 US EF-111 Ravens leading 10 US F-117 Nighthawks strike downtown metropolitan Baghdad, beginning the air campaign of Operation Desert Storm.
10 minutes later, soldiers of the US Army in Germany are awakened from a sound sleep beginning what is later called ‘Operation Chinese Fire Drill’.

2001 – US President Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.

2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia lifts off the 28th time for mission STS-107

2020 – The first impeachment of President Trump moves into its trial phase in the United States Senate.

1853 – André Michelin
1874 – Robert W. Service
1878 – Harry Carey
1901 – Fulgencio Batista
1902 – Eric Liddell
1908 – Ethel Merman
1910 – Jay ‘Dizzy’ Dean
1911 – Ivan Barrow, Jam
1918 – Stirling Silliphant
1924 – Katy Jurado
1933 – Susan Sontag
1935 – A. J. Foyt
1943 – Ronnie Milsap
1974 – Kate Moss

970 – Polyeuctus of Constantinople
1545 – George Spalatin
1817 – Alexander J. Dallas
1901 – Hiram Rhodes Revels
1906 – Marshall Field
1917 – ADMN George Dewey USN
1942 – Carole Lombard
1957 – Arturo Toscanini
1967 – Robert J. Van de Graaff
1968 – Bob Jones Sr.
1981 – Bernard Lee
1986 – Herbert W. Armstrong
2009 – Andrew Wyeth
2017 – Eugene Cernan
2020 – Christopher Tolkien

January 15

1782 – Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris addresses the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.

1889 – The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta.

1892 – James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.

1919 – A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, Massachusetts, killing 21 and injuring 150.

1943 – The Pentagon is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.

1967 – The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles. The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35–10.

1973 – Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.

1976 – Sara Jane Moore, is sentenced to life in prison for the attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford

1991 – The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires

2009 – US Airways Flight 1549,  an Airbus A320 on a flight from New York City’s LaGuardia Airport to Charlotte, North Carolina, ditches safely in the Hudson River after the plane collides with birds less than two minutes after take-off with all aboard surviving.

1870 – Pierre S. du Pont
1902 – Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
1908 – Edward Teller
1909 – Jean Bugatti
1913 – Lloyd Bridges
1945 – Vince Foster
1957 – Mario Van Peebles
1984 – Ben Shapiro

1950 – GAF Henry ‘HAP’ Arnold USAF
1987 – Ray Bolger
1994 – Harry Nilsson
2011 – Susannah York
2016 – Francisco X. Alarcón
2019 – Carol Channing

January 14

1539 – Spain annexes Cuba.

1639 – The “Fundamental Orders”, the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut

1784 – The U.S. Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.

1943 – Conceding defeat on Guadalcanal, Japan begins to evacuate its forces from the island

1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.

1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.

2010 – Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.

83 BC – Mark Antony
1741 – Benedict Arnold
1875 – Albert Schweitzer
1892 – Martin Niemöller
1906 – William Bendix
1919 – Andy Rooney
1926 – Tom Tryon
1932 – Don Garlits
1941 – Faye Dunaway
1944 – Marjoe Gortner
1948 – Carl Weathers
1949 – Lawrence Kasdan
1963 – Steven Soderbergh

1898 – Lewis Carroll
1920 – John Francis Dodge
1957 – Humphrey Bogart
1961 – Barry Fitzgerald
1965 – Jeanette MacDonald
1978 – Kurt Gödel
1984 – Ray Kroc
1986 – Donna Reed
2006 – Shelley Winters
2009 – Ricardo Montalbán
2016 – Alan Rickman

January 13

1888 – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C.

1968 – Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison.

1977 – JAL Cargo Flight 3054, a Douglas DC-8 jet, crashes onto the runway during takeoff from Anchorage International Airport, killing 5

1982 – Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet, crashes shortly after takeoff into Washington, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including 4 motorists.

2001 – An earthquake of 7.6 on the Richter scale hits near San Miguel, El Salvador , killing more than 900.

2018 – A false emergency alert warning of an impending missile strike in Hawaii caused widespread panic in the state.

1610 – Maria Anna of Bavaria
1808 – Salmon P. Chase
1832 – Horatio Alger
1885 – Alfred Fuller
1887 – Sophie Tucker
1919 – Robert Stack
1927 – Liz Anderson
1935 – Charles ‘Rip’ Taylor
1957 – Mark O’Meara
1990 – Liam Hemsworth

86 BC – Gaius Marius
1885 – Schuyler Colfax
1929 – Wyatt Earp
1941 – James Joyce
1962 – Ernie Kovacs
1978 – Hubert Humphrey
1980 – Andre Kostelanetz
2009 – Patrick McGoohan

January 12

1962 – U.S. Army piloted helicopters transport a battalion of South Vietnam Army troops on an assault against a Vietcong stronghold during Operation Chopper, the first major U.S. combat mission in the war

1966 – President Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended.

1967 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.

1991 – The U.S. Congress authorizes the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.

1729 – Edmund Burke
1876 – Jack London
1892 – Mikhail Gurevich
1905 – Tex Ritter
1923 – Ira Hayes
1942 – Bernardine Dohrn
1944 – Joe Frazier
1951 – Kirstie Alley, Rush Limbaugh
1964 – Jeff Bezos

1960 – Nevil Shute
2002 – Cyrus Vance
2017 – William Peter Blatty

January 11

630 –Muhammad and his followers conquer the city of Mecca

1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.

1908 – The Grand Canyon National Monument is created.

1935 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.

1949 – The first “networked” television broadcasts take place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air

1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.

1503 – Girolamo Mazzola Parmigianino
1755 – Alexander Hamilton
1807 – Ezra Cornell
1814 – James Paget
1923 – Carroll Shelby
1925 – Grant Tinker
1930 – Rod Taylor
1946 – Naomi Judd
1959 – Brett Bodine

140 – Pope Hyginus
705 – Pope John VI
1843 – Francis Scott Key
1988 – Ltc Gregory ‘Pappy’ Boyington USMC MH
1995 – Lewis Nixon
2008 – Edmund Hillary
2014 – Ariel Sharon
2015 – Anita Ekberg

January 10

49 BC – In violation of Roman law,  Julius Caesar crosses Rubicon river in northern Italy at the head of his army, starting civil war in Rome.

1776 – In Philadelphia, Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense.

1861 – Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.

1920 – The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.

1836 – Charles Ingalls
1843 – Frank James
1875 – Issai Schur
1883 – Francis X. Bushman
1904 – Ray Bolger
1930 – Roy E. Disney
1936 – Stephen E. Ambrose
1939 – Sal Mineo
1943 – Jim Croce
1945 – Rod Stewart
1949 – George Foreman
1953 – Pat Benatar, Bobby Rahal
1981 – Jared Kushner

259 – Polyeuctus of Melitene
314 – Pope Miltiades
681 – Pope Agatho
1645 – William Laud
1824 – Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy
1862 – Samuel Colt
1863 – Lyman Beecher
1917 – William F ‘Buffalo Bill’ Cody
1941 – Issai Schur
1951 – Sinclair Lewis
1957 – Laura Ingalls Wilder
1961 – Dashiell Hammett
1971 – Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel
2000 – Sam Jaffe
2007 – Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)
2014 – Larry Speakes
2016 – David Bowie

January 9

1431 – The trial of Joan of Arc begins in Rouen

1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union.

1916 – The Gallipoli campaign ends with the last Allied forces evacuated from the Dardanelles

1918 – In Bear Valley Arizona, elements of the U.S. Army’s 10th Cavalry Regiment and a small number of Yaqui indians engage in the last official battle of the American Indian Wars

1945 – The United States Army 6th Army begins the invasion of Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines

1991 – In Geneva Switzerland, U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz meet in a final attempt to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

1778 – Hammamizade İsmail Dede Efendi
1913 – POTUS Richard Nixon
1925 – Lee Van Cleef
1934 – Bart Starr
1935 – Bob Denver
1939 – Susannah York
1941 – Joan Baez
1951 – Crystal Gayle
1955 – J. K. Simmons

710 – Adrian of Canterbury
1858 – Anson Jones
1992 – Steve Brodie
2019 – Verna Bloom

January 8

1297 – Forces under François Grimaldi capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, the family ruling Monaco still to today.

1790 – As required by the U.S. Constitution, George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address to Congress, in New York City the then provisional capital.

1815 – Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British in the Battle of New Orleans

1828 – The Democratic Party of the United States is organized.

1835 – President Andrew Jackson announces a celebratory dinner after having reduced the United States national debt is zero for the first and only time.

1863 – Confederate forces from Arkansas under Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke engage Union forces under Brigadier General Egbert Brown in house to house fighting in an unsuccessful attempt to destroy the Union supply depot at Springfield, Missouri.

1877 – Lakota and Cheyenne warriors led by Crazy Horse and Two Moon engage in their last battle against the U. S. Army in an unsuccessful  attack on troops under Colonel Nelson A. Miles at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory.

1889 – Herman Hollerith is issued a US patent for the ‘Art of Applying Statistics’  a punch card calculator.

1956 – Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani tribe in Ecuador shortly after making first contact.

1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a “War on Poverty” in the United States. (As we can see, it’s been a utter failure, actually causing more problems than Johnson proclaimed to want to solve)

1973 – The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate office complex begins

2002 – President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act. ( Another failure that was so bad, the law was repealed in 2015)

2003 – Air Midwest Flight 5481, a Beechcraft 1900D, crashes at Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, killing all 21 people on board.

2005 – The nuclear sub USS San Francisco collides at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam. One man is killed, but the sub surfaces and is repaired.

2011 – Federal Judge John Roll, along with 5 others are killed and 18, including Congresswoman Gabby Giffords are wounded by a madman in a mass shooting in Tucson, Arizona

1583 – Simon Episcopius
1821 – James Longstreet
1852 – James Milton Carroll
1862 – Frank Nelson Doubleday
1899 – Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike
1909 – Evelyn Wood
1911 – Gypsy Rose Lee
1912 – José Ferrer
1923 – Larry Storch
1926 – Milton ‘Soupy Sales’ Supman
1935 – Elvis Presley
1937 – Shirley Bassey
1938 – Bob Eubanks,
1942 – Stephen Hawking
1947 – David Bowie
1958 – Betsy DeVos

1642 – Galileo Galilei
1825 – Eli Whitney
1914 – Simon Bolivar Buckner
1941 – Robert 1st Baron Baden-Powell
1942 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford
1976 – Chou Enlai
1994 – Maxwell ‘Pat’ Buttram
1996 – François Mitterrand
2007 – Yvonne De Carlo
2020 – Buck Henry