Today, January 16
27 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate.
550 – Bribing the city garrison, the Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome
1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid, Spain.
1786 – Virginia enacts the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
1847 – John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is enacted by Congress.
1919 – Nebraska becomes the 36th state, and the last one necessary, to ratify the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1942 – TWA Flight 3, a DC-3, crashes after takeoff from Las Vegas, killing all 22 passengers and crew aboard
1991 – At 23:38 hrs UTC, 2 U.S. MH-53 Pave Low helicopters, leading 8 U.S. AH-64 Apache helicopters, strike Iraqi radar sites near the Iraqi/Saudi Arabian border.
5 minutes later, 2 U.S. EF-111 Ravens, leading 22 U.S. F-15E Eagles, strike Iraqi airfields in western Iraq
17 minutes later, 3 U.S. EF-111 Ravens, leading 10 U.S. F-117 Nighthawks, strike downtown metropolitan Baghdad, beginning the air campaign of Operation Desert Storm.
10 minutes later, soldiers of the U.S. Army’s 14th Maintenance Company, 19th Maintenance Battalion, stationed in Wiesbaden, Germany are awakened from a sound sleep and called to alert stations, beginning what is later called ‘Operation Chinese Fire Drill’.
2001 – U.S. President Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.
2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia lifts off the 28th time for mission STS-107
2020 – The first impeachment of President Trump moves into its trial phase in the United States Senate.