July 22

1099 – Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulcher of The Kingdom of Jerusalem during the First Crusade

1456 – John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire during the moslem siege of Belgrade.

1587 – A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.

1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio “Cleveland” after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.

1864 – Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman situated on Bald Hill.

1933 – Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York City, completing the first solo flight around the world.

1934 – Gangster John Dillinger is shot and killed by FBI agents trying to escape after exiting the Biograph Theater in Chicago

1937 – The  Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.

1943 – Allied forces capture Palermo during the Allied invasion of Sicily.

1946 – The Israeli  Irgun militia bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of British civil and military administration for Mandatory Palestine.

1992 – Fearing extradition to the U.S., Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his prison near Medellín.

2003 – Troops of the U.S 101st Airborne Division and 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta, attack a compound in Mosul Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay