324 – The Co-Emperor Constantine decisively defeats Co-Emperor Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing him as sole Emperor in control over the Roman Empire.
1793 – The first cornerstone of the United States Capitol is laid by George Washington.
1837 – Tiffany & Young company is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City.
1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
1864 – General John Bell Hood begins the Franklin–Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw General William Sherman out of Georgia.
1870 – Observing the regularity of a geyser’s eruption during the exploration of Northwest Wyoming Territory by the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition, Henry D. Washburn names it “Old Faithful”.
1927 – The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
1931 – The Mukden Incident gives Japan a pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
During World War II
1939 – The Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.
1939 – Lord Haw Haw begins broadcasting Nazi propaganda on the radio show Germany Calling.
1940 – British liner SS City of Benares is sunk by German submarine U-48.
1943 – Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.
1944 – Japanese liner Jun’yō Maru is sunk by British submarine HMS Tradewind.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his general headquarters from Manila to Tokyo.
1947 – The National Security Act reorganizes the United States government’s military and intelligence services creating the Central Intelligence Agency, National Security Council, separating the Army Air force into the Department of the Air Force and the United States Air Force, forming the Marine Corps as an independent service, under the Department of the Navy and merging the Department of War, renaming it as the Department of the Army with the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (NME), headed by the Secretary of Defense.
1997 – United States media magnate Ted Turner donates $1 billion to the United Nations. Personally I think it would have been better used by a certain well beloved blogger, but that’s just me.
1779 – Joseph Story
1819 – Léon Foucault
1857 – John Hessin Clarke
1905 – Greta Garbo
1916 – Rossano Brazzi
1917 – June Foray
1920 – Jack Warden
1933 – Robert Blake
1940 – Frankie Avalon
1945 – John McAfee
1946 – Gailard Sartain
1951 – Ben Carson
1961 – James Gandolfini
1971 – Lance Armstrong
1792 – August Gottlieb Spangenberg
1944 – LTC Robert G. Cole USA MH
1968 – Franchot Tone
1970 – Jimi Hendrix
2013 – Ken Norton
2020 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg