1776 – Supported by naval gunfire, causing New York Militia to retreat from the landing zone and Continental Army troops to withdraw to Harlem Heights, British forces land unopposed at Kip’s Bay on Manhattan island.
1789 – The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs is renamed the Department of State.
1862 – Confederate forces under General Lee capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
1916 – Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme in World War I
1935 – The Nazi regime passes the Nuremberg Laws depriving German Jews of citizenship.
1940 – The Battle of Britain reaches its climax when the Luftwaffe launches its largest attack of the entire campaign.
1942 – The carrier USS Wasp is sunk by a Japanese submarine off Guadalcanal.
1944 – U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Army troops invade the island of Peleliu in the Palau archipelago to secure the right flank for the Philippine invasion.
1950 – The U.S. X Corps lands at Inchon during the Korean War.
2008 – Lehman Brothers files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history.
1789 – James Fenimore Cooper
1857 – William Howard Taft
1863 – Horatio Parker
1881 – Ettore Bugatti
1903 – Roy Acuff
1907 – Fay Wray
1914 – Creighton Abrams
1922 – Jackie Cooper
1946 – Tommy Lee Jones
1978 – Willy Messerschmitt
1991 – John Hoyt
2003 – Garner Ted Armstrong
2017 – Harry Dean Stanton