1554 – Spanish Conquistador and explorer of Mexico and the North American plains, Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, dies in Mexico City.
1692 – The last woman convicted in the Salem witch trials is hanged.
1711 – The Tuscarora War between the Tuscarora tribe and their allies on one side and European American settlers, and Yamassee tribes, and other allies on the other begins in North Carolina.
1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged by the British for spying.
1789 – The office of United States Postmaster General is established.
1823 – Joseph Smith states that after being directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where they were buried, that he has found golden plates which he translates into English and publishes as the Book of Mormon.
1862 –President Lincoln issues proclamation and executive order number 95 stating that on January 1, 1863, all persons held as slaves within any State in rebellion will be considered emancipated and free by the Union.
1941 – On the Jewish New Year Day of Rosh Hashanah, German SS troops murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsia, Ukraine that survived a massacre a few days earlier.
1975 – Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate President Gerald Ford.
1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time.
1993 – A barge being pushed by the towboat Mauvilla runs into a bridge crossing the Big Bayou Canot, near Mobile, Alabama, causing the derailment minutes later of the Amtrak Sunset Limited train, killing 5 crew, 42 passengers and injuring another 103 people aboard.
1995 – U.S. Air Force E-3B AWACS, callsign Yukla 27, crashes outside Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska after multiple bird strikes disable 2 engines soon after takeoff, killing all 24 crew on board.
2000 – World War II Imperial Japanese Navy pilot and author, Saburō Sakai dies after attending a formal dinner given in his honor by the U.S. Navy at Atsugi Naval Air Station in Japan.