Today, January 24

41 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the Praetorian Guard after they assassinate the previous emperor, his nephew Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, most commonly known as  ‘Caligula’.

1848 – James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento. California

1908 – The first Boy Scout troop is organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.

1916 – In the case of Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co., the Supreme Court rules that the federal income tax is constitutional.

1933 – The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing the beginning and end of terms for all elected federal offices.

1961 – Over Faro, North Carolina, a B-52 bomber based at nearby Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, carrying 2 multimegaton Mark 39 thermonuclear bombs, breaks up in mid-air and crashes with 5 of the 8 crew surviving. The secondary core of one weapon remains too deeply buried to recover.

1972 – Imperial Japanese Army Sergeant Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II even having been known to be in the area by certain U.S. Navy personnel stationed at the Guam Naval base over 20 years earlier.

1984 – Apple Computer places the Macintosh personal computer on sale in the U.S.

1989 – Serial killer Ted Bundy, murderer of over 30 known victims, is executed in the electric chair at the Florida State Prison.

1991 –Over Saudi Arabia, Captain Ayhed Saleh al-Shamrani of the Royal Saudi Arabian Airforce, flying an F-15, engages and shoots down 2 Iraqi Mirage F1 fighters attempting a bombing run on coalition naval vessels in the Persian Gulf.

2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

2018 – Former doctor Larry Nassar is sentenced up to 175 years in prison after being found guilty of using his position to sexually abuse female gymnasts.