July 9

1776 – General George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out to members of the Continental Army in Manhattan

1863 – The Siege of Port Hudson ends, giving the Union complete control of the Mississippi River.

1868 – The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified

1893 – Dr. Daniel Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery in the U.S.

1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds

1943 – Allied forces begin the invasion of Sicily

1944 – American forces complete the invasion of Saipan

1958 – A magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Alaska causes a landslide that produces a tsunami wave reaching 1,722 ft up the rim of Lituya Bay

Birthdays
1819 – Elias Howe
1927 – Ed Ames
1928 – Vince Edwards
1932 – Donald Rumsfeld
1938 – Brian Dennehy
1942 – Richard Roundtree
1945 – Dean Koontz
1947 – O. J. Simpson
1952 – John Tesh
1955 – Lindsey Graham, Jimmy Smits
1956 – Tom Hanks
1957 – Kelly McGillis
1964 – Courtney Love
1976 – Fred Savage

Deaths
1441 – Jan van Eyck
1850 – Zachary Taylor
1856 – Amedeo Avogadro
1932 – King Camp Gillette (yes the razor blade guy)
1961 – Whittaker Chambers
1974 – Earl Warren
1992 – Eric Sevareid
1996 – Melvin Belli
2002 – Rod Steiger
2019 – Ross Perot, Rip Torn, Freddie Jones