August 2

338BC – The army led by Philip II of Macedon defeats the numerically superior combined forces of Athens and Thebes at Chaeronea

216BC – The army led by Hannibal of Carthage defeats the numerically superior Roman army at Cannae

1610 – While on expedition to discover a northwest passage to the Pacific, Henry Hudson discovers a large bay.

1776 – The final ‘engrossed’ copy of the Declaration of Independence is completed and signed.

1790 – The first United States Census is conducted

1802 – Naapoleon Bonaparte is elected First Consul for Life.

1870 – The world’s first underground tube railway opens in London

1873 – The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco

1914 – The German army invades and occupies Luxembourg

1923 – Vice President Coolidge becomes President upon the death of President Harding.

1932 – The positron is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.

1934 – Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President von Hindenburg.

1939 – Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard write a letter to President Roosevelt, urging him to develop a nuclear weapon.

1943 – Jewish prisoners stage a revolt at Treblinka. The Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 is rammed and sunk by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri

1990 – Iraq invades Kuwait

Birthdays*
1754 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant
1820 – John Tyndall
1834 – Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
1835 – Elisha Gray
1892 – Jack L. Warner
1905 – Myrna Loy
1915 – Gary Merrill
1919 – Nehemiah Persoff
1923 – Shimon Peres
1924 – Carroll O’Connor
1932 – Lamar Hunt, Peter O’Toole
1939 – Wes Craven
1943 – SGM(R) Jon Robert Cavaiani MH
1945 – Joanna Cassidy
1948 – Dennis Prager
1959 – Apollonia Kotero
1960 – Linda Fratianne
1976 – Sam Worthington
1977 – Edward Furlong

Deaths†
216BC– Gnaeus Servilius Geminus, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, Marcus Minucius Rufus
257 – Pope Stephen I
640 – Pope Severinus
686 – Pope John V
1075 – John VIII Patriarch of Constantinople
1100 – William II of England
1589 – Henry III of France
1788 – Thomas Gainsborough
1876 – James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok
1921 – Enrico Caruso
1922 – Alexander Graham Bell
1923 – Warren G. Harding
1934 – Paul von Hindenburg
1976 – László Kalmár, Fritz Lang
1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid
1998 – Shari Lewis