September 16

1776 – Having withdrawn to defensible positions on Harlem Heights after British troops land on Manhattan Island, superior numbers of American troops,  under General Washington, fight advancing British troops causing them to withdraw after overextending their lines.

1893 – Settlers begin the next to last land run in the Cherokee Outlet Opening in present day Oklahoma.

1908 – The General Motors Corporation is founded.

1920 – A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City killing 38 and injuring 400.

1943 – The German Tenth Army reports that it can no longer contain the Allied bridgehead at Salerno in World War II.

1959 – The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.

1979 – Eight people escape from East Germany to the west in a homemade hot air balloon.

2013 – A contract computer worker at the base kills twelve people at the Washington Navy Yard before being killed by Police.

Births*
1745 – Mikhail Kutuzov
1875 – James Cash Penney
1888 – W. O. Bentley
1891 – Karl Dönitz
1911 – Paul Henning
1914 – Allen Funt
1916 – Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi
1924 – Lauren Bacall
1927 – Peter Falk
1934 – Elgin Baylor, George Chakiris
1944 – Linda Kaye Henning
1949 – Ed Begley Jr.
1952 – Mickey Rourke
1974 – Joaquin & Julian Castro

Deaths†
1498 – Tomás de Torquemada
1887 – Yokozuna Sakaigawa Namiemon
1961 – Fatin Rüştü Zorlu
1977 – Maria Callas
1996 – McGeorge Bundy
2003 – Sheb Wooley