October 16

1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette is executed on the guillotine

1859 – John Brown leading 21 men raids the U.S. Armory and Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

1875 – Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

1919 – Adolf Hitler delivers his first public address at a meeting of the German Workers’ Party.

1939 – 603 Squadron RAF, flying Spitfires, intercepts the first Luftwaffe raid on Great Britain also making the first fighter kill of the war over the country.

1940 – The Warsaw Ghetto is established.

1946 – Ten defendants found guilty by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremburg are executed by hanging.

1962 – President Kennedy is informed of the aerial photos taken on October 14 of Russian nuclear missiles being installed in Cuba

1991 – A man kills 23 and wounds 20 more people after driving his truck into Luby’s restaurant in Killeen, Texas. One of the patrons, Suzanna Gratia Hupp, left her handgun in her vehicle instead of breaking the law, and later continued to campaign for Texas concealed carry until it was passed into law 4 years later.

1998 – Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a murder extradition warrant.

Births
1758 – Noah Webster
1847 – Maria Pia of Savoy
1854 – Oscar Wilde
1886 – David Ben-Gurion
1898 – William O. Douglas
1908 – Enver Hoxha
1923 – Linda Darnell
1925 – Angela Lansbury
1929 – Fernanda Montenegro
1958 – Tim Robbins

Deaths
1791 – Grigory Potemkin
1859 – Heyward Shepherd
1946 – Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Alfred Jodl, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz Sauckel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, Joachim von Ribbentrop
1959 – Gen George Marshall
1972 – Nick Begich, Hale Boggs, Russell Brown, Don Jonz
1978 – Dan Dailey
1981 – Moshe Dayan
1989 – Cornel Wilde
1991 – Patricia Carney, Jimmie Caruthers, Kriemhild Davis, Steven Dody, Alphonse Gratia, Ursula Gratia, Debra Gray, Michael Griffith, Venice Henehan, Clodine Humphrey, Sylvia King, Zona Lynn, Connie Peterson, Ruth Pujol, Su-Zann Rashott, John Romero, Jr., Thomas Simmons, Glen Arval Spivey, Nancy Stansbury, Olgica Taylor, James Welsh, Lula Welsh, Iva Juanita Williams
1992 – Shirley Booth
1997 – James A. Michener
2000 – Mel Carnahan, Rick Jason
2004 – Pierre Salinger
2007 – Deborah Kerr
2010 – Barbara Billingsley
2017 – Roy Dotrice