October 17

1448 – An Ottoman army defeats a Hungarian army at the Second Battle of Kosovo.

1604 – Kepler’s Supernova is observed in the constellation of Ophiuchus.

1777 – British General John Burgoyne surrenders his army at Saratoga, New York.

1781 – British General Charles, Earl Cornwallis surrenders his army at the Siege of Yorktown.

1907 – The Marconi Company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service.

1931 – Alphonse Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.

1933 – Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States.

1941 – While still technically a neutral power, the destroyer USS Kearny becomes the first U.S. Navy vessel attacked during World War II, suffering heavy damage from a torpedo fired from a German U-Boat being depth charged by the vessel off Iceland.

1973 – OPEC imposes an oil embargo against countries they deem to have helped Israel in the Yom Kippur War.

2019 – Heavily armed gangsters of the Sinaloa Drug Cartel force the Mexican government to release the son of former cartel boss ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán after his arrest.

Births
1582 – Johann Gerhard
1860 – Henry Campbell Black
1900 – Jean Arthur
1902 – Irene ‘Granny’ Ryan
1915 – Arthur Miller
1918 – Rita Hayworth
1920 – Montgomery Clift
1926 – Julie Adams
1933 – Jeannine ‘The Singing Nun’ Deckers
1938 – Evel Knievel
1948 – Margot Kidder
1950 – Howard Rollins

Deaths
1552 – Andreas Osiander
1849 – Frédéric Chopin
1967 – Puyi
2013 – Lou Scheimer